what is difference between pig iron and sponge iron

What is the Difference Between Pig Iron and Wrought Iron ...

The key difference between pig iron and wrought iron is that pig iron is the impure form of iron, whereas wrought iron is the purest form of iron.. Iron is a metal that we can get from Earth through mining. There are impurities in this mined iron, and we can use many analytical techniques to purify the iron.

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Steel making process – ArcelorMittal

In the former process, iron ore is the main raw material. In an electric furnace, scrap iron is used and occasionally also sponge iron. Sponge is an intermediate product, which is produced from iron ore by means of direct reduction (= DRI or directly reduced iron) and that is then further reduced and smelted in an electric furnace.

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A Critical Analysis Of Iron And Steel Sector Of India

Sponge iron Vs. Pig iron. Sponge iron is a form of iron that is directly produced by reduction of iron ore (with the help of reducing agents). Therefore, it is also known as direct reduced iron (DRI). On the other hand, pig iron is a form of iron that is produced along with charcoal and limestone under high pressure. Sponge iron is richer in ...

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Difference between pig iron and sponge iron? - Answers

Answer (1 of 2): No. They aren't. The source of both pig iron and sponge iron are iron ore. In case of pig iron, the ore is reduced and melt in the blast furnace and the preliminary product is liquid iron, which solidifies to pig iron. On the other hand, sponge iron is achieved by reduction of i...

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Difference Between Iron Ore and Iron | Compare the ...

Under the heading, Pig Iron, you write that it is used to produce wrought iron. However, in the ultimate paragraph, you write that Sponge iIron is used to produce wrought iron. Are both statements true? If so, is there a difference between the end product wrought irons Are other forms of iron also made from either pig or sponge iron? tuvm.

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Iron & Steel, Pig Iron (Foundry Grade), Pig Iron (Steel ...

Sponge iron, also called as Direct Reduced Iron, is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, usually with some kind of carbon (charcoal, etc), at temperatures below the melting point of iron.

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Superior iron pellet Local Suppliers - Simurgh iron and ...

What is the difference between pellet and sinter? Economical production of sponge iron can also be achieved by using high purity pellets and low phosphorus at an economical price. Sponge iron is produced using non-coking coal in a rotary kiln reduction process of iron ore.

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Pig Iron | International Iron Metallics Association

Pig iron is the product of smelting iron ore (also ilmenite) with a high-carbon fuel and reductant such as coke, usually with limestone as a flux. Charcoal and anthracite are also used as fuel and reductant. Pig iron is produced by smelting or iron ore in blast furnaces or by smelting ilmenite in electric furnaces .

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Pig iron - Wikipedia

Pig iron, also known as crude iron, is an intermediate product of the iron industry in the production of steel which is obtained by smelting iron ore in a blast furnace.Pig iron has a very high carbon content, typically 3.8–4.7%, along with silica and other constituents …

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difference between sponge iron and pellets - BINQ Mining

What is the difference between sponge iron and iron pellets. What is the difference between sponge iron and pig iron? the answer. . basic summary: . 1. Pig Iron and Sponge Iron are the result of different production … »More detailed

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What is Sponge Iron? (with pictures) - Info Bloom

Malcolm Tatum Sponge iron is created from iron ore. Sometimes known as direct-reduced iron, sponge iron is a product that is produced using iron ore.The iron ore is often in the form of pellets or lumps, and is subjected to a reduction process that is created by the use of a reducing gas that emits from coal or a natural gas source.

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Pig Iron and Wrought Iron - Dandong Foundry

The Difference between Pig Iron and Wrought Iron. Pig iron usually refers to the iron alloy with carbon content of the 2 to 4.3%, also known as cast iron.Besides carbon, pig iron also contains silicon, manganese and small amounts of sulfur and phosphorus, it can not be forged, but can be cast.

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NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY …

b) (i) What is the difference between pig iron and sponge iron? [4] (ii) What is the purpose of flux material in blast furnace iron making? [3] c) (i) Why is the chromium oxide ore referred to as an ore of the 'spinel' type. [1] (ii) Give the reaction sequence of Cr2O3 refining in the submerged arc furnace. [6]

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Glossary of Terms/ Definitions Commonly Used in Iron ...

SPONGE IRON/ DIRECT REDUCED IRON (DRI)/ HOT BRIQUETTED IRON (HBI) : Direct Reduced Iron (DRI): Solid metallic iron product obtained upon Direct Reduction of high grade iron ore in solid state itself without being converted into liquid form like that in Blast Furnace. Sponge Iron (SI): DRI is also known as Sponge Iron because of its spongy micro structure.

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Is this sponge ok for soldering? | All About Circuits

27,895. Mar 8, 2016. #12. You can generally tell if a sponge is made of cellulose if it gets very firm when it dries out. Plastic material sponges usually stay somewhat soft, even when dry. Cellulose sponges were used by the NASA certified solderers where I worked, so I think that's the preferred way to clean an iron.

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PIG IRON, CAST IRON & WROUGHT IRON – WHAT'S THE …

The impurities of pig iron are removed to some extent by oxidation. The molten cast iron is led into moulds of required shapes to form what are known as cast iron castings and slag is removed from the top of cast iron at regular intervals. Composition of cast iron: Cast iron contains about 2 to 4 percent of carbon.

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What is the difference between ferrite and iron? | WikiDiff

Ferrite is a see also of iron. As nouns the difference between ferrite and iron is that ferrite is the interstitial solid solution of carbon in body-centered cubic iron while iron is (uncountable) a common, inexpensive metal, often black in color, that rusts, is attracted by magnets, and is used in making steel. As a adjective iron is (not comparable) made of the metal iron.

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what is the difference between taconite and iron ore ...

what is the difference between taconite and iron ore – Grinding ... Does anyone know the process of making sponge iron fron iron ore powder(ash). ... Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig … Banded iron formations are known as taconite within North America.

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Advantages and disadvantages of pig iron

Advantages and disadvantages of pig iron Products. As a leading global manufacturer of crushing, grinding and mining equipments, we offer advanced, reasonable solutions for any size-reduction requirements including, Advantages and disadvantages of pig iron, quarry, aggregate, and different kinds of minerals.

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What is the difference between iron and steel? - Times of ...

The difference is percentage of carbon, the main alloy element. Those irons containing less than 2% carbon are known as steels while those containing more than 2% carbon are known as pig iron.

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5 difference between pig iron cast iron and steel - Brainly.in

Difference between pig iron cast iron and steel. Explanation: The pig iron is also called as the crude iron and is obtained by the smelting of iron ore and blast furnace. Has a very high carbon content and thus is obtained by the chemical reduction of Iron ore and cast iron is obtained d for the pig iron. Pig iron is more brittle, while the ...

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Cast Iron vs Wrought Iron vs Pig Iron vs Steel vs ...

Cast Iron is an alloy of iron and carbon which is hard and relatively brittle, cast iron has a higher proportion of carbon than steel (typically 2–4.3 per cent).Cast iron is formed by melting iron ore, and mixing it with scrap metals and other alloys. The liquid mixture is then poured into molds and allowed to cool and solidify.Cast iron is harder, more brittle, and less malleable than ...

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What is Direct Reduced Iron? (with picture)

Donn Saylor Direct reduced iron is created by heating iron ore to burn off carbon and oxygen. Direct reduced iron (DRI) is a type of alternative iron made by heating iron ore so that the oxygen and carbon burns off while the temperature is kept below iron's melting point. Direct-reduced iron is also known as sponge iron and is sold as briquettes, lumps, or pellets.

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Features and Uses of Pig Iron. Pig iron is the metallic ...

Pig iron is the metallic ore that contains 90% of iron. Pig iron is used for making steel and pure iron units. It has very high carbon content along with silica and another constituent of dross.

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Basic, Steel, SG & Nodular Grade Pig Iron Manufacturer ...

Pig iron is an intermediate product and first product of Iron making reduced from Iron ore. Pig iron has a very high carbon content, typically 3.5–4.5%,[1] along with silica, Manganese, Sulphur, Phosphorus, Titanium and other trace elements.

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ELI5: What is the difference between iron, pig iron ...

The difference between pig iron and steel is more carbon in pig iron than will be in steel. It's got about 4% carbon and very brittle. Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon that via changes in the ratios of materials and temperatures can be made to have a very wide array of properties (from very hard, brittle tool steels to very ductile but soft ...

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Frequently Asked Questions | International Iron Metallics ...

Typically pig iron, hot briquetted iron (HBI) and direct reduced iron (DRI). More recently, granulated pig iron (GPI) has been used as well. Liquid pig iron (hot metal) is also used as EAF feedstock when there is an adjacent, captive source. For further information see our Fact Sheets: Fact Sheet #2 about use of hot briquetted iron in the EAF

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How to Convert Pig Iron Into Steel | eHow

Pig iron is the basic building block of all ferrous metals. It is formed when iron ore is refined in a furnace in the presence of charcoal, limestone and air. It is the basic form of iron used to make decorative wrought iron items.

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The difference between pig iron and cast iron

The difference between pig iron and cast iron. 1. Pig iron: refers to the iron-carbon alloy obtained by smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. 2. Cast iron: iron-carbon obtained by remelting new iron (the blast furnace pig iron mentioned in 1), old pig iron (referring to recycled materials, including risers, scrap cast iron blocks), low-carbon ...

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What is the difference between pig iron and steel? - Answers

The difference is percentage of carbon, the main alloy element. Those irons containing less than 2% carbon are known as steels while those containing more than 2% carbon are known as pig iron.

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Iron and Types of Iron – IspatGuru

All forms of pig iron contain around 3.5 % to 4.5 % carbon with sulphur content less than 0.05 % and phosphorus content can be up to 0.12 %. Merchant pig iron is basically of the following two types. Basic grade – Basic pig iron has less than 1.0 % silicon, under 1 % manganese, and trace amounts of sulphur and phosphorous.

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