artisanal mining and children in zimbabwe

Lockdown fuels child labour in Zimbabwe

"This has negative implications on the artisanal and small-scale mining value chain. Sourcing gold from mines operated by children affects the marketing of the mineral." Zimbabwe first imposed a national lockdown in March after recording its first Covid-19 cases resulting in reduced economic activity.

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(PDF) Artisanal and Small-scale Mining. Challenges and ...

artisanal mining sector can serve as an economic cornerstone for stimulating the. development of complementary, sustainable, revenue-generating activities. New ... Zimbabwe 153,000 (women and ...

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Small scale miners risk life and limb in Zimbabwe - Toward ...

Henrietta Rushwaya, president of the Zimbabwe Miners Federation, a grouping of artisanal and small scale miners, told us that for every gram of gold sold to the RBZ, it pays 55 percent of the cost in Zimbabwean dollars and 45 percent in US dollars. "However, if an agent buys directly from the miner, they pay 100 percent of the price in USD ...

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Biomonitoring of arsenic, cadmium and lead in two ...

RESEARCH ARTICLE Biomonitoring of arsenic, cadmium and lead in two artisanal and small-scale gold mining areas in Zimbabwe Stefan Rakete1 & Given Moonga1,2,3 & Anna-Maria Wahl1 & Viola Mambrey1 & Dennis Shoko4 & Dingani Moyo5,6 & Shamiso Muteti-Fana7 & Myriam Tobollik8 & Nadine Steckling-Muschack1 & Stephan Bose-O'Reilly1,9,10 Received: 26 March 2021/Accepted: 9 August …

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Zimbabwe: No Gold Glitters in Artisanal Mining ... As ...

"Zimbabwe Miners Federation and Zimbabwe Artisanal Small-scale Mining Council estimated that there are over 500 000 artisanal and small-scale miners, 30 percent of whom are women and children ...

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Zimbabwe's artisanal miners, popularly known as makorokoza ...

Sources. This article is a very abbreviated summary from the following publications which readers may well want to follow-up. They are Follow the Money: Zimbabwe.A Rapid Assessment of Gold Supply Chains and Financial Flows Linked to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Zimbabwe written by Marcena Hunter with help from Mukasiri Sibanda of the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association …

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Penhalonga, 'the place that shines': Artisanal mining In ...

TI Zimbabwe wants a streamlined and digitised process for the registration of artisanal mining licenses. This is a simple and effective way to avoid the unwieldy and more corruption-prone process of paper trails and face-to-face discussions that can be exposed to bribery.

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Gender-based violence BRIEFING NOTE and women in

Gender-based violence and women in artisanal mining in Zimbabwe 5 Introduction Gender-based violence (GBV) or violence against women and (VAWG) is commonplace in Zimbabwe's artisanal small-scale mining (ASM) sector. ASM has become a dominant livelihood strategy in communities that have mineral deposits, the main one being gold.

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Calls for safety standards in artisanal mining as Zimbabwe ...

"Artisanal and small-scale mining is one of the ways in which workers are surviving Zimbabwe's economic crisis. In a country with limited opportunities, and where unemployment is very high at over 90 per cent, ASM helps the youth put food on the table.

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The impacts of artisanal gold mining on local livelihoods ...

Artisanal and small-scale mining Artisanal and small-scale mining, as the term is used in most parts of the world, has also been defined differently and so has no standard definition. According to the Cameroonian Mining Code of 2001, Article 2, artisanal mining involves all exploitations

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Artisanal Mining and Sustainable Development

• Artisan composition: 65% men and 35% women • 43.2% of miners also involved in subsistence farming • Mining contributes about 10% of Ethiopia's foreign exchange earnings. 65% of this mining is artisanal • Employment of at least 1.26 million …

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Women Join Zimbabwe's Gold Rush - Global Press Journal

Artisanal gold mining was illegal in Zimbabwe between 2006 and 2013, years that account for the bulk of Lisimati's business. She says she had a license during those crackdown years, when the government worked to ensure that all of Zimbabwe's gold would be sold by large, regulated gold mining operations to the government-run Fidelity ...

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Double Dilemma: How COVID-19 is Entrenching Child Labour ...

In Zimbabwe, there has been a surge in the number of children working as Artisanal and small scale miners The Covid-19 pandemic has made the situation to be worse. Women and children often find themselves working in mining due to extreme poverty and limited alternative of livelihoods.

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Hunger: Zim children turn to gold panning - PressReader

According to the Zimbabwe Environmen­tal Law Associatio­n (Zela), thousands of children have been driven into artisanal — and dangerous — gold mining as families struggle to put food on the table. Since the COVID-19 lockdown, which closed schools, the number of children involved in small-scale gold mining has soared, according to Zela.

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Zimbabwean Artisanal Miners Fear Resurgence of Violence

Violence associated with Zimbabwe's gold mining sector killed hundreds of people in 2019 and early 2020, according to a new report from the …

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ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING

Artisanal mining includes the activities of individuals using mostly rudimentary ... such as Zimbabwe, artisanal miners enter the sector in ... estimated that about half of artisanal miners are women and 10% children. Increasingly, LSM and ASM activities have connected and led to conflict. At the

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Artisanal mining must be regularised - NewsDay Zimbabwe

Artisanal mining must be regularised. By Newsday. -. October 14, 2014. 2321. ZIMBABWE is believed to have about 25 000 registered small scale miners and around 500 000 unregistered artisanal small ...

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Double Dilemma: How COVID-19 is Entrenching Child Labour ...

Covid 19 is a driver to children engaging in Artisanal and Small Scale mining. During a monitoring visist by Green Governance Zimbabwe Trust in Nyanga under the Legal for Artisanal and Small Scale Miners project, one 16 year old boy said, "This work is too much, heavy and painful.

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Artisanal Mining ecological Effects in Zimbabwe and the ...

Artisanal Mining ecological Effects in Zimbabwe and the Challenges Confronting the State and Ngo`S in its Aversion. Sikanyiso Masuku The writer is a PhD candidate for a Doctor of Philosophy in Conflict Transformation and an Assistant teaching staff in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Kwazulu Natal South Africa.

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IN ZIMBABWE - ZEPARU

Pathway to Formalization of Artisanal Mining in Zimbabwe 2 annual leave protection). thus instrument for formalization should be adapted to the specific characteristics of the different groups, the contingencies to be covered and the national context2.

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Why is Zim losing gold? - The Zimbabwe Independent

Organisations such as Green Governance Zimbabwe Trust have reported on the increased participation of children in artisanal mining especially after the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic. The Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency in its 2019 report noted that of 500 000 under 16s surveyed, 5,4% of this number were working in the mining and quarrying ...

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Artisanal Gold Mining and Farming: Livelihood Linkages and ...

Debates about artisanal mining in Zimbabwe have often been focused around claims of elite capture of natural resources and political patronage (Mawowa, 2013). Meanwhile, in scholarship on mining/farming linkages in Africa more broadly, narratives have tended to present artisanal mining as an off farm activity that is replacing or

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Women are Joining Artisanal Mining in Zimbabwe

Women are Joining Artisanal Mining in Zimbabwe. Tapiwa Moyo, 40, religiously leaves her home each day when the first cock crows and joins a throng of women who have taken up artisanal mining in her community. Moyo spends the better part of her day tramping to and fro, carrying sacks on her back packed with river sand that she sifts through in ...

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Small-Scale Mining - The Borgen Project

The government of Zimbabwe would be smart to regulate rather than criminalize artisanal mining, as it benefits the country as a whole. Increased gold output over the past several years has earned Zimbabwe a reputation for being mineral-rich, and …

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Why Zimbabwe's environment is under threat from illegal mining

Zimbabwe Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Council (Zamsco) president Wellington Takavarasha said there was a lot of damage to the environment caused by unregulated mining …

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The contribution of small-scale mining ... - Mining Zimbabwe

The small-scale and artisanal mining sector has of late become one of the pillars of the economy of Zimbabwe contributing significantly to national exports. Rudairo Mapuranga The sector which has become of significance for the country to achieve the President's vision for Zimbabwe becoming an upper-middle-income earner by 2030 and the mining sector achieving a…

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The Problems of Artisanal Gold Mining in Manica Province

soon sparked up a conflict and artisanal mining was first proliferating in Manica and then the rest of Mozambique, particularly in Tete, Niassa, Sofala, Zambezia and Nampula provinces. Therefore, artisanal mining resumes in the licensed area of the undertaking ALMA concessions (Muacanhia & Deniasse, 2007). Genesis of artisanal mining

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Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Zimbabwe | U ...

Children in Zimbabwe are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, mining, and tobacco production, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also engage in child labor in agriculture, including in the harvesting of sugarcane. (1,2) In 2020, the government published results from the ...

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The contribution of artisanal and small-scale gold mining ...

In 2016, Zimbabwe's gold mining sector as a whole, consisting of both artisanal and small-scale mining (ASGM) and large-scale gold mining (LSGM), contributed 2.6% of gross domestic product (GDP), 18% of exports, 28% of mining output, and 1% of government revenues (royalties only) and employed 7.1% of the labor force.

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Why is Zim losing gold? - Zimbabwe Situation

Organisations such as Green Governance Zimbabwe Trust have reported on the increased participation of children in artisanal mining especially after the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic. The Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency in its 2019 report noted that of 500 000 under 16s surveyed, 5,4% of this number were working in the mining and quarrying ...

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